Williamson Sangma Museum

musical instrument

Page: 1

Accession Number 1
Williamson Sangma Museum Images
English Name Gong
Local Name Rang
Broad Classification Musical Instrument
Community to whom it belongs Garo
Place of Collection Garo Hills
Source of Collection N.A.
Date of Collection 1976
Method of Collection Purchased
Brief Description Sketched drawing
Shape: Bowl like structure, wall with circular outline and flat base Constitutient Material: Bell metal Component Parts: No separate parts exist, it has been prepared as a single piece Description: The gong has a bowl like structure, wall raised from the flat base is circular in outline, the free end is open. But the edge of the open free end has been diverted a bit inward all along the margin in the form of a circle haing the breadth of 1/2". The inside wall and the base of the gong is decorated with floral design, but the designs are not clearly visible at present. Measurements: Height: 4 and 1/4 " Base: 7 and 1/2" Diameter of the open end: 12 " Inward diversion of the edge at the margin : 1/2 " Depth of the bowl: 4 and 1/4 "
Accession Number 2
Williamson Sangma Museum Images
English Name Cymbol
Local Name Chupcheng
Broad Classification Musical Instrument
Community to whom it belongs Garo
Place of Collection Garo Hills
Source of Collection N.A
Date of Collection 1976
Method of Collection Purchased
Brief Description Sketched drawing
Two small circular disc like metallic structures constitute the musical instrument. The outer surface of each disc is uppish in the middle and gradually comes down and merges with the flat margin. Consequently the inner side of the disc is hollow. The margin is absolutely flat and circular. The outer surface of the disc is decorated with incised lines. But the inner surface is plain. There is a perforation at the centre of the disc. It is through this perforation, on end of the cord is introduced. A knot is given on the end of the cord to fix up the disc in the cord. The other end of the cord is also fixed up with another disc of the same type. Thus the chord possess two discs at its two ends. Measurements: Diameter of the disc at the free margin : 2"
Accession Number 25
Williamson Sangma Museum Images
English Name Drum
Local Name Dam
Broad Classification Musical Instrument
Community to whom it belongs Garo
Place of Collection Gao Hills
Source of Collection Pruchased
Date of Collection 1976
Method of Collection Purchased
Brief Description Sketched drawing
It is a typical Garo drum. The drum is elongated double membrane. It is prepared from skin and wood. Component parts consist of (a) wooden body (b) Sheet of skin and (c.) straps of skin. Body: The wooden body is hollow and elongated measuring a length of 42". The body is circular all along its length with more or less uniform diameter. The two free ends of the body are completely covered by two sheets of skin, one at each end. Sheets of skin: The sheets of skin cover the opening of the wooden body and extend beyond the margin all along. There are perforations near the margin of the skin sheet at regular intervals. It is through these perforations a strip of skin is introduced alternately in zig zag fashion. This strip keeps the skin in position on the margin of the opening end of the body. Strips of skin: strong and stout leather straps are next introduced through the strings attached with skin sheet. These leather straps connect both the strings situated at the upper and lower ends. The interconnection between the horizontally extended straps with the circular strings are made in such a way that if the horizontal strings are tightened automatically the circular strings will also be tightened, thereby strengthening the membranous skin sheet to the desired extent for the production of musical sound of loud volume. The membranous coverng at each end varies in size. The diameter of one end is bigger than the other. The bigger one possesses a diameter of 9 and 1/2", while the diameter of the opposite end is 7'. There is a jute rope attached with the body starps of skin at the two proximal ends. It is through this rope the player carries the drum on his shoulder or around his neck.
Accession Number 40
Picture not available
English Name Gong
Local Name Rang
Broad Classification Musical Instrument
Community to whom it belongs Garo
Place of Collection Garo Hills
Source of Collection Purchased
Date of Collection 1976
Method of Collection Purchased
Brief Description Sketched drawing
Size: Maximum diameter: 9" height of the wall : 4" Constituent materials: copper Description: It is a metallic bowl like structure with a widely open circular opening on the top and the free end of the bowl at the extreme end is provided with a circular rim. The rim is extended about 0.2" towards the inner side of the opening. The rim on its outer surface is provided with lightly inscribed decorations in the lines all along its length. The basal portion of the bowl is flat and the wall is circular all through. The side wall measures 4" in height pointing out the depth of the vessal. Measurements: Diameter of the circular opening: 9" Breadth of the circular rim: 1/2" Height of the wall or the depth of the vessal : 4"
Accession Number 46
Williamson Sangma Museum Images
English Name Drum
Local Name Ksing Nakra
Broad Classification Musical Instrument
Community to whom it belongs Khasi
Place of Collection Khasi Hills
Source of Collection Purchased
Date of Collection 1976
Method of Collection Purchased
Brief Description Sketched drawing
It is a single faced membranous instrument. It attains the height of 25 and 1/2' with a diameter of 17" at the working end Constituent material: wood and skin. Component parts : wooden body, skin covered membranous face, circular rims and skin straps Body: The body assumes the form of a cup. It measures 25 and 1/2" in height and attains 17" in diameter in the opening end. Its basal end is closed and the opposite end is open. Its diameter is minimum at the base. The free open end is completely covered by a sheet of skin Rings: There is a big circular skin covered stout ring having the circumference of 62" is tightly fitted on the body close to the skin covered end. Another smaller ring of similar nature is there at the base of the wooden body. Skin covering: There are perforations at regular intervals all along the margin of the skin covering the open end of the body. It is through each opening (perforation) a strap of skin is introduced and this strap is wrapped round tightly against the ring so as to keep the skin stretched firmly on the face. The two rings ( one at the upper and the other at the lower end) are again joined together by strong but narrow skin straps lying at regular intervals in close proximity to one another. It is by tightening these straps, the rings are tightened by bringing them closer. It is by this process the membranous skin at the face of this instrument is also tightened for providing louder musical sound.